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Drying Out a Wet Basement

Joseph Coupal - Sunday, April 11, 2010

When you are faced with a wet basement it can be a particularly heartbreaking sight especially if things are ruined.  The first thing you need to do is dry out the basement and this could be a big task.

How Deep is the Water?
Before you can dry out the basement properly, you will need to get rid of all the water. Where there’s deep standing water, you’ll need a pump to get it out of the house. Rent one from a local rental store or buy one. If there are just puddles of water, a wet-dry vac should be sufficient to take care of the problem. When there’s just a tiny amount of water, a mop and squeegee will be adequate. When the basement is damp but there’s no standing water, open the basement window and use a fan.

Removing Damaged Items
The water will most likely have caused damage to items in the basement even if it’s not immediately apparent. If the basement is carpeted, remove all the carpeting and underlay then throw it away. it is highly unlikely that it can be salvaged.  If there’s a wooden floor with an underlay, take it all up. Take the wood out to the garage to dry and throw away the underlay, since you won’t be able to re-use it. If there’s drywall or paneling in the basement, remove that too. It’s a magnet for mold and mildew. Where there’s been contact with water, you’ll need to replace entire panels and not just sections. Go all the way to the studs. Don’t try to save any of it as this could lead to a moldy, mildewed basement later on.  Take out all the furniture and clothing until the basement is empty. Clothes and covers should be washed then dried.

Drying out the Basement
Even with the water gone, the basement will still be damp. You’ll need to run a dehumidifier for several days to ensure it becomes completely dry. Until the basement is thoroughly dry, don’t attempt to make any repairs or replace items.
If you have a wood floor with no underlay in the basement, inspect for any signs of buckling and replace any planks that need it.

Inspecting the Basement
When the basement has been completely dry for a week, inspect it carefully for any signs of mold and mildew, especially on the wall studs or other porous material. If you see any, replace the item. This is the only way to keep the mold from the basement.

Finding the Source of the Leak
The leak that caused your wet basement could come from any number of sources, such as a burst pipe or a leaking washing machine. However, it could be a crack in the foundation or high water table. It’s important to find the cause of the leak and fix it before you repair the basement. If you’re not sure of the reason, employ a professional to determine the root cause.

Five Common Causes of Basement Flooding

Joseph Coupal - Wednesday, April 07, 2010

Basement flooding is an difficult problem that many households face on a regular basis. Rather than dealing with it, however, many people hope the problem goes away on its own. Such an attitude can have grave consequences for your home in the long run. When your basement gets flooded, it is best to deal with the problem right away. To do this you will need at least some basic knowledge of the reasons why basements fill with water.

1. Unsuitable Locations for Your Home

One of the most typical causes of basement flooding is that the house has been constructed on an unsuitable site. Usually, houses are built on terrains that slope down away from them, allowing for any accumulated water to drain away. However, if your home has been built on the low part of your estate, chances are it will get flooded frequently, for waters flow from high to low areas. If this is the case, you may be happy to learn that land slopes are conspicuous targets for the elements, and in the course of time they tend to get leveled by erosion, a circumstance that will probably fix your problem.

2. Poor Floor and Wall Sealing

Another quite common reason for flooding is the poor floor and wall sealing. If the basement tiles have not been sealed properly during the construction of your house, water will easily seep through them, especially in the event of extreme weather conditions. If your basement often fills with water after heavy storms and downpours, you may want to check its sealing and, if necessary, take measures to fix it.

3. Blocked Gutter System

Yet another cause of flooding is the blocked gutter system. When the manifold connecting your house to the public sewer system gets plugged, it may cause floods on your premises. If such is the case, call the respective local authorities and the sooner, the better, for water levels may rapidly increase with disastrous results for the foundations of your home.
 
4. Improper Installation of the Drainage System

Similarly, a drainage system, which has been installed incorrectly or malfunctions, may lead to leakages in your basement. For example, if the downspouts of your house have been placed too close to the basement wall (i.e. within 6 feet), or if they drain towards, rather than away from it, they may overload the weeping tile and cause leakages in your basement. Ideally, the downspouts will drain towards the street or the backyard, and not towards your basement walls (or those of your neighbor).

5. Debris in the Eavestroughs

Also, eavestroughs filled with debris may overflow with rainwater right beside your basement and cause leakages in it. The solution is simple: all you have to do is climb on your roof and clean them. If, however, the eavestroughs of your house overflow even when they are cleaned, you should replace them with larger ones that fit the local climate better.

And finally, a word to the wise: if your house is equipped with a sump pit drainage system, it is advisable that you remove, thoroughly clean and test the sump pump at least once a year.

Why Basements Leak

Joseph Coupal - Saturday, March 27, 2010

Basement Leaks - MA, RI, CT, NH

Most basements leak because there is or are either vertical-step or horizontal cracks on the outside of basement walls through which water enters and gets onto your floor. Water/moisture will also enter the wall through and around where gas lines, electric lines, and plumbing enter the wall below ground. The only way you will completely keep all water from getting into the wall is to have these openings correctly sealed and backfilled on the outside of your foundation (basement wall). If you only have 1 crack then that is all you need to fix on the outside. You only need to waterproof about 5 linear feet on the outside.  You most likely do not need the entire wall done or all the way around the house done as some companies will try hard to sell you. Basements leak because there are"direct openings" into the house on the outside of the house and you have to go to the outside to seal them, not inside unless you use the A-1 Foundation Crack Repair method. An inside water diverting method (jackhammer,drain tile) ONLY diverts water that has already entered the wall to under the floor. It doesn't stop water from entering walls. Therefore it cannot stop or prevent mold/efflorescence from growing on your wall or behind your paneling/drywall. The A-1 inside/outside method done correctly will!

Dehumidifiers Reduce Basement Moisture

Joseph Coupal - Sunday, March 14, 2010

Basement dehumidifiers reduce the amount of moisture in the air of the lowest level of your home. This necessary for a number of reasons. Among the advantages of using a dehumidifier in the basement are improved quality of air, reduced moisture, fewer insects, lower energy bills and convenience. Each of these reasons deserves an explanation all its own. There are many types of basement dehumidifiers, though. They come in different sizes and serve different functions depending on how you need them to work in your home. First, though, the benefits are worth knowing.

Benefits of Basement Dehumidifiers

Installing a basement dehumidifier is not difficult. Considering that they are portable and they simply have to be plugged in and set to work. They also come in various sizes for all types of dehumidifying. Convenience, then, is the first benefit. By working to remove the moisture in a basement, they not only keep mold at bay, but they work to protect the inner integrity of the home. If moisture is allowed to build up over time, it can damage drywall, structural wood, carpets and paint. Moisture reduction is the second reason to install a dehumidifier in the basement. Also, by reducing moisture, insects do not have as much of an opportunity to thrive in a dehumidified basement.

The reduction of moisture also diminishes the need to run the air conditioner as much during the summertime. This leads directly to increased energy savings. Lastly, an overall reduction in moisture can improve the air quality in a basement and other levels of the home. So you see, by reducing moisture, many other related benefits arise.

Mold Proof Your Basement before Remodeling

Joseph Coupal - Tuesday, March 09, 2010

If you remodel your basement into the type of dream room that you have always wanted then you will most likely be proud of your achievement ... if it's done right. But before you congratulate yourself, you need to make sure that your new space is mold-proof. It is a common mistake to finish basements that are not mold-proof which can end up turning the dream into a nightmare. In many instances finished basements actually make mold more likely to occur because it creates the conditions that this fungus loves.

Mold just requires a few basic conditions and it is good to go. For mold to prosper it needs some dead organic material and some moisture. These are things which can be commonly found in most basements. Remodeling your basement can add to the problem because all that wood paneling and floor boards you are adding are giving it more to grow on. If you install a poorly ventilated shower in your basement you may as well prepare for mold because that is what you are going to get. You may not even notice that you have mold because if moisture is coming from the outside behind your wood paneling or underneath your new floor boards then this mold can be growing where you can't even see it. Mold that you can't see is the worst type of mold because it could lead to all sorts of damage to your health and finances.

So what are you to do? Now that you know how the problem arises you can take steps to prevent it from happening. Prior to commencing any finished basements project you will need to first check to see if you have dampness anywhere. If you find moisture and you are not certain about whether it is coming from inside or outside the house there is a little test you can perform. Put some plastic sheeting on the wall where you feel the dampness and leave for a day or two. If the water is on the outside of the plastic then you know you have condensation problems while if it is inside then you have water from the outside. Whatever the cause, you will need to remedy the situation before beginning any work on finishing your basement.

Removing moisture from basement due to condensation

Joseph Coupal - Friday, March 05, 2010

Sometimes homes are constructed so tightly that there is not  enough or proper airflow.  If you have central air conditioning, you can install additional vents that lead into your basement. This is relatively easy and should help a minor moisture problem. You can also use an exhaust fan to help remove moisture and create additional airflow. Remember, for the basement to have proper airflow, the air must have room to move. If you have a lot of clutter, it might be time to have a yard sale, a garage sale or remove the clutter.

Installing a dehumidifier will probably do the trick. This is a very proactive and practical way to remove moisture from the air in your basement. To determine if your basement needs a dehumidifier, see whether you have any of the following conditions:

  • Condensation on the windows
  • Mold
  • Musty smells and stuffiness
  • Rotting wood
  • Wet stains on ceilings or walls

Home Inspections - Foundation Cracks

Joseph Coupal - Saturday, February 27, 2010

Home Inspections - Inspecting Foundation Cracks

If you are a homeowner or are buying a new home do not wait for water to appear in basement before calling A-1 Foundation Crack Repair for an inspection ... especially if you see cracks in basement walls or floors.  You need to determine the underlying cause (or causes) of foundation cracks (and related defects) which otherwise would remain the subject of speculation and ongoing concern/stress.

Fortunately most of the time, foundation cracks do not suggest the need for expensive foundation repair work. Concrete cracks or cracks in masonry, brickwork, stucco, plaster or drywall are not uncommon in structures and often are often tolerated by property owners without consequence.

So why do so many property owners need to consult a foundation repair expert? Because you need the experienced expert to distinguish between what is minor and what is a significant problem. Nobody else wants the liability of perhaps making the wrong call about a foundation crack.

Basement Waterproofing

Joseph Coupal - Thursday, February 18, 2010

Reasons for Basement Waterproofing

Mold and Mildew - will only grow under moist, humid conditions. Waterproofing your basement from the outside will significantly reduce the area available to new mold and mildew growths. This is very important as mold and mildew can damage food, paper, walls, and even cause respiratory problems. Just as taxing is the effort to remove mold and mildew.  Preventing mold growth before it occurs is key for your property and your health.

Damaged Possessions - moisture eventually causes damage to items stored in basements. Obviously, a basement that can only store waterproofed items might not be a very useful basement. If you would like to keep food, books, or anything made out of paper in your basement, then a proper waterproofing strategy is a must.

Structural Damage/Pests - Allowing moisture into the walls of your basement can lead to serious structural damage over the long term. Wet wood is also much more vulnerable than dry wood to a wide variety of problems that will reduce your home's value and your safety to live there.  Termites require a great deal of moisture to thrive and can live happily in damp wood, causing a huge amount of damage to your home. Moist wood is much more vulnerable to ordinary rot as well. While you can try to solve these problems after they occur, you are much better off protecting the walls of your basement with exterior waterproofing.

Reasons a new foundation can form cracks

Joseph Coupal - Sunday, February 14, 2010
  • The natural drying, hardening, and curing process of concrete creates vertical cracks on some basement walls as the substance dries and hardens - Depending on conditions during the installation of the foundation (temperature of the air, the density of the particulates, the temperature of the concrete, the humidity, and various other factors) concrete curing can take up to ten years. However, curing cracks typically occur in years 1-3. Many of these cracks will not pose a significant structural concern, but all foundation cracks should be monitored and taken seriously.
  • The concrete foundation is subject to severe stress when it’s first put in - To save time and money, foundations are usually back filled before the concrete has time to harden and settle. The impact upon the walls from the sudden pressure of back fill, -combined with impacts from rocks striking the outer foundation wall as the area is filled, can easily damage the wall. Until the construction is complete, the foundation is not protected from the temperature changes from the outside. This forces the concrete to expand and contract with all temperature changes.
  • Vibrating Rods - When concrete is mixed, vibrating rods are inserted that shake air bubbles in the mix to the top. If this is done improperly or too quickly, large air bubbles become part of the concrete in your foundation. These bubbles make poured concrete foundations weaker. To make matters worse, these air pockets expand and cool at different rates than the cement. This causes further deterioration and cracking of the cement.
  • Bad Mix - If too much water is mixed into the concrete, the concrete is weakened and much more subject to early flaking and spalling.

If Foundation Cracks Are Large

Joseph Coupal - Saturday, February 06, 2010

MA, CT, RI Foundation Crack Repair

If a crack or cracks cover a significant portion of the foundation, or are too large to be filled properly with do it yourself compounds, you may have no other option than to hire an experienced repair service to address the issue. Always be sure that the company chosen is a reputable one and that they have received good reviews from friends, colleagues or family members that have used their services. The foundation of your home is very important to the structural stability of the home and if the foundation is compromised, the entire home could be in danger.

In many cases, the cracks in the concrete foundation will allow water to enter into the home, which can result in the growth of mold or fungi and can create health problems for the individuals in the home. If the mold is allowed to continue growing for a long period of time, it could result in a more hazardous situation and require a much more expensive clean up to be addressed.

The company that you choose should be polite, professional, and have experience in repairing concrete foundations and water leaks. To get the best value, the services of several different contractors should be compared and estimates should be obtained from each to compare prices and pros/cons. The cheapest price is not always the indication of the best value as some contractors will cut corners to lower their prices without lowering their profit. Most of the time, as we all know, you get what you pay for.


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